California  / Dried Plum Digestive Health Month / January
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This article is in honor of Health Awareness Holidays.
Add better health to your daily life by eating more dried plums.
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 Dried Plum Digestive Health Month.....................

California Dried Plum Digestive Health Month (declared by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger in 2009)

Celebrated the month of JANUARY
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What is a prune?
A prune is a dried plum of any cultivar, mostly Prunus domestica or European Plum. The use of the term for fresh fruit is obsolete except when applied to varieties grown for drying.

Most prunes are freestone cultivars (the pit is easy to remove), whereas most other plums grown for fresh consumption are clingstone (the pit is more difficult to remove).

Production
More than 1,000 plum cultivars are grown for drying. The main cultivar grown in the United States is the Improved French prune. Other varieties include Sutter, Tulare Giant, Moyer, Imperial, Italian, and Greengage. Fresh prunes reach the market earlier than fresh plums and are usually smaller in size.

Name
In 2001, plum growers in the United States were authorised by the government to call prunes "dried plums". Due to the popular U.S. perception of prunes being used only for relief of constipation, and being the subject of related joking, many distributors stopped using the word "prune" on packaging labels in favour of "dried plums".
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Health Effects
Prunes contain dietary fiber (about 7% of weight; table) which may provide laxative effects,. Their sorbitol content may also be responsible, a conclusion reached in a 2012 review by the European Food Safety Authority. The report also demonstrated that prunes effectively contribute to the maintenance of normal bowel function in the general population if consumed in quantities of at least 100 grams (3.5 oz) per day.

Nutrition
Prunes are 31% water, 64% carbohydrates, including 7% dietary fiber, 2% protein, and less than 1% fat (table). Prunes are a rich source of vitamin K (57% of the Daily Value, DV) and a moderate source of several B vitamin and dietary minerals (10-16% DV; table).

Phytochemicals
Prunes and their juice contain phytochemicals, including phenolic compounds (mainly as neochlorogenic acids and chlorogenic acids) and sorbitol.
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Related Navigation:
  • See "The Benefits of Plums"
Did you know  / Breast cancer cells -- even the most aggressive type -- died after treatments with peach and plum extracts in lab tests. especially an extract of the “Black Splendor” plum contains chlorogenic compounds with strong antioxidant and anti-cancer effects : two specific phenolic acid components : chlorogenic and neochlorogenic. / See "The Benefits Of Plums"