What are Dairy Products?
Dairy products are generally defined as foodstuffs produced from milk. They are usually high-energy-yielding food products. A production plant for such processing is called a dairy or a dairy factory. Raw milk for processing generally comes from cows, but occasionally from other mammals such as goats, sheep, water buffalo, yaks, or horses. Dairy products are commonly found in European, Middle Eastern and Indian cuisine, whereas they are almost unknown in East Asian cuisine.
- Milk - after optional homogenization, pasteurization, in several grades after standardization of the fat level.
- Sour cream - cream that has been fermented by the bacteria Streptococcus lactis and Leuconostoc citrovorum.
- Crème fraîche - slightly fermented cream.
- Smetana - Central and Eastern European variety of sour cream.
- Clotted cream - thick spoonable cream made by heating.
- Cultured buttermilk - fermented concentrated (water removed) milk using the same bacteria as sour cream.
- Milk powder (or powdered milk) - produced by removing the water from milk.
- Condensed milk - milk which has been concentrated by evaporation, often with sugar added for longer life in an opened can.
- Evaporated milk - (less concentrated than condensed) milk without added sugar.
- Ricotta cheese - milk heated and reduced in volume, known in Indian cuisine as Khoa.
- Infant formula - dried milk powder with specific additives for feeding human infants.
- Baked milk - a variety of boiled milk that has been particularly popular in Russia
- Buttermilk - the liquid left over after producing butter from cream, often dried as livestock food
- Ghee - clarified butter, by gentle heating of butter and removal of the solid matter.
- Cheese - produced by coagulating milk, separating from whey and letting it ripen, generally with bacteria and sometimes also with certain molds. Cheese
- Curds - the soft curdled part of milk (or skim milk) used to make cheese (or casein)
- Whey - the liquid drained from curds and used for further processing or as a livestock food.
- Cream cheese - produced by the addition of cream to milk and then curdled to form a rich curd or cheese made from skim milk with cream added to the curd.
- Yogurt, milk fermented by Streptococcus salivarius ssp. thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus sometimes with additional bacteria, such as Lactobacillus acidophilus
- Gelato - slowly frozen milk and water
- Ice cream - slowly frozen cream and emulsifying additives.
- Frozen yogurt, yogurt with emulsifiers that is frozen.
- Dairy may cause health issues for individuals with lactose intolerance and milk allergies.
- Vegans and some vegetarians avoid dairy products due to a variety of ethical, physiological, environmental, political, and religious concerns.
Eggs as dairy?
Eggs are sometimes categorized as dairy, defining dairy as "food that is produced by animals (other than meat)" rather than as milk specifically. For example, the Open Directory Project at one point listed cooking eggs as a subcategory of cooking dairy products. Defining dairy as limited to milk products, however, is more common.
Don't Cry over spilled milk day
Did you know we have a holiday in our calendar called "Don't cry over spilled milk day? Yep we sure do. Learn about it here.