Edinburgh Festival:  August
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The Edinburgh Festival is a collective term for many arts and cultural festivals that take place in Edinburgh, Scotland each summer, mostly in August. Though the festivals are put on by various organizations unrelated to each other, and so are officially separate events, .......
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......  Though the festivals are put on by various organizations unrelated to each other, and so are officially separate events, they are regarded by many visitors as part of the same event; and together they form the largest annual cultural festival in the world.

The original, and still the largest, component festivals are the Edinburgh International Festival and the Edinburgh Festival Fringe; the latter is in its own right larger than any other similar event in the world.
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History

The Edinburgh International Festival (EIF) was established in 1947 in a post-war effort to "provide a platform for the flowering of the human spirit". That same year, eight theatrical companies "gatecrashed" the official Festival by organizing their own event, outside the official auspices of the EIF; this started the movement which grew into the Edinburgh Festival Fringe (EFF). The EFF is also referred to as the Edinburgh Fringe, the Fringe, or (incorrectly) the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.

The EIF and the Fringe remain independent bodies and run separate programmes each year. In more recent years various other annual cultural festivals have been created in Edinburgh, again by separate organizations, though taking place at around the same time.
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The festivals

Listed in order of foundation; * = member of the umbrella body Festivals Edinburgh:

  • Edinburgh International Festival (founded 1947)* — The original and "official" festival consisting of classical and contemporary theatre, opera, music, dance, visual arts, talks and workshops.
  • Edinburgh Fringe (1947)* — now the largest of all the festivals and indeed the largest arts festival in the world. Includes theatre, comedy, music, musicals, dance and children's shows.
  • Edinburgh International Film Festival or EIFF (1947)* was traditionally held in August but, from 2008 is being held in late June.
  • Edinburgh Military Tattoo (1950)*
  • Edinburgh Jazz and Blues Festival (1978)*
  • Edinburgh International Book Festival (1983)*
  • Edinburgh International Science Festival (1988)*
  • Bank of Scotland Imaginate Festival (1990)*
  • Scottish International Storytelling Festival (1990)*
  • Edinburgh's Hogmanay (1994)*
  • Edinburgh Mela (1995)* — celebrating Edinburgh's South Asian communities
  • Edinburgh International Internet Festival (1999)
  • Edinburgh People's Festival (2002, but claims heritage from earlier festival of same name 1951-1954)
  • Edinburgh Interactive Festival (2003)
  • Edinburgh Art Festival (2004)*
  • Edinburgh Annuale (2004) — contemporary art
  • Edinburgh Free Fringe (2006) - A festival of free shows, and part of The Fringe.
  • Free Edinburgh Fringe Festival (2004) - Another festival of free shows, also part of The Fringe.
  • Festival of Politics (2005)
  • Festival of Spirituality and Peace (2005)
  • iFest (2007) — the Internet Festival and Conference
  • Edinburgh Comedy Festival (2008)* - The comedy programmes from Assembly, Gilded Balloon, Pleasance and Underbelly—part of the Edinburgh Fringe.
  • West Port Book Festival (2008) - a free book festival based around secondhand bookshops in the West Port area
  • Edinburgh Book Fringe
  • Islam Festival Edinburgh
  • Edinburgh International Marketing Festival (2010)
  • Edinburgh Swing Festival
  • Edinburgh Harvest Festival

The following festival also occurs in Edinburgh during August, but is an industry gathering - it does not offer events open to the public:

  •   Edinburgh International Television Festival (1976)
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References
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External links
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Resources
  • Top photo: Edinburgh Festival Fringe, 2011 - Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
  • This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses some material from Wikipedia/article sandwiches/and other related pages.
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Categories
Festival - 
August -
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Continue reading............
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Edinburgh_Festivalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Arts_festivals_in_Scotland
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by a local community, which centers on and celebrates some unique aspect of that community and the Festival.

Among many religions, a feast is a set of celebrations in honour of God or gods. A feast and a festival are historically interchangeable. However, the term "feast" has also entered common secular parlance as a synonym for any large or elaborate meal. When used as in the meaning of a festival, most often refers to a religious festival rather than a film or art festival.
A festival or gala is an event ordinarily staged