Facts about the month of January
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January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere.
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History
"January, from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de BerryJanuary is named after Janus (Ianuarius), the god of the doorway; the name has its beginnings in Roman mythology, coming from the Latin word for door (ianua) - January is the door to the year. Traditionally, the original Roman calendar consisted of 10 months, totalling 304 days, winter being considered a monthless period. Around 713 BCE, the semi-mythical successor of Romulus, King Numa Pompilius, is supposed to have added the months of January and February, allowing the calendar to equal a standard lunar year (355 days). Although March was originally the first month in the old Roman Calendar, January became the first month of the calendar year either under Numa or under the Decemvirs about 450 BCE (Roman writers differ). In contrast, years in dates were identified by naming two consuls, who entered office on May 1 and March 15 before 153 BCE when they began to enter office on January 1."

"Various Christian feast dates were used for the New Year in Europe during the Middle Ages, including March 25 and December 25. However, medieval calendars were still displayed in the Roman fashion of twelve columns from January to December. Beginning in the sixteenth century, European countries began officially making January 1 the start of the New Year once again — sometimes called Circumcision Style because this was the date of the Feast of the Circumcision, being the eighth day from December 25."

"Historical names for January include its original Roman designation, Ianuarius, the Saxon term Wulf-monath (meaning wolf month) and Charlemagne's designation Wintarmanoth (winter / cold month)."

Other names
"In Finnish, the month is called tammikuu, meaning month of the oak, but the original meaning was the month of the heart of winter, as tammi has initially meant axis or core. In Czech this month is called leden, meaning ice month In Ukrainian it is січень meaning cutting or slicing perhaps referring to the wind."
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Noted Holidays in January
  •   National Thank You month
  •   New Year's Day – January 1
  •   Independence Day in Haiti – January 1
  •   Three Wise Men Day, or Epiphany, in Latin America, Spain, Puerto Rico and Dominican Republic, and is, although not celebrated as widely or in the same way as in countries with a Spanish history, an official holiday in many European countries, for example Austria, Italy, Sweden, Finland, Liechtenstein, Slovakia and Croatia, as well as in parts of Germany and Switzerland. – January 6
  •   Russian and Ukrainian Christmas Eve, also known as Svyat Vechir – January 6
  •   Plough Sunday in Scotland and northern England – Sunday after January 6
  •   Coptic and Russian Orthodox Church Christmas – January 7
  •   National Human Trafficking Awareness Day in the United States – January 11
  •   Makara Sankranthi (Festival of Harvest) in India – January 14
  •   Third Sunday is Pongal in India and Feast of the Santo Niño in the Philippines
  •   The uniting of Moldavia and Wallachia under the same ruler in 1859, Romania – January 24
  •   Republic Day in India – January 26
  •   Auckland Anniversary in Auckland, New Zealand – Monday closest to January 29

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January Symbols
 • January Flower of the month:  Carnation, Snowdrop.
 • Zodiac Signs:  Capricorn / The Goat / Dec. 22 - Jan. 19 - Pisces / The Fish / Feb.19 - Mar. 20
 • The name for the Moon in  January is called Old Moon, Moon after Yule, Storm Moon.
 • The Full Moon: Find out when it's a Full Moon in January.
 • January Birthstone:  Garnet - Meaning: Constancy
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Food Holidays
January has a long list of fun food observances that's celebrated during the month of January.
For Example, The month of January is:  National Soup Month - National Hot Tea Month -
National Oatmeal Month
 • See all January Food Holidays here
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Movable Holidays
 This means that each year the Holiday falls on a different date. Exaples of this is:
 • Martin Luther King Jr. Day: observed on the third Monday of January-
 • FruitCake Toss Day: contests held on different dates-
 • World Religion Day (3rd Sunday in January)
 • See Movable Holidays
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Weird Holidays
Our monthly calendar is packed full of unique, strange, bazaar, wacky and weird holidays. These are some of the most popular observances for weird, wild and wacky parties too!
 • See Weird January Holidays
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It's National Month of?
The month is a unit of time, used with calendars, which is approximately as long as some natural "period related to the motion of the Moon; month and Moon are cognates."

Each month our calendar has a list of holidays that are observed for the whole month.
 • See January Calendar for list
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It's National Week of?
Our calendar has full week observances.
 • See January Calendar for list
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It's National Day of?
 January has a long list of Day-Long Observances that's celebrated for a full day. A great example of this is January 1st. On January 1 we celebrate Z Day - First Foot Day - New Year's Day - 
Bad Hangover Day and several other fun subjects.
 • See January Calendar for list
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See Also:
 • Recipe Directory for Traditional Holiday Food
 • January Holiday Calendar & Observances
 • January Food Holidays
 • Weird January Holidays

 Resources: This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses some material from Wikipedia/article  January  /  and other related pages. Top Photo: homestead stock
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Note: We try to keep our information up to date but it must be said that organizations sometimes change the date of their holiday and many holidays are actual movable holidays which means the date will change from year to year. We try to keep you up to date but we do suggest that you not take our research set in stone. We ask that you let our information be a guide to you as you continue to do your own calendar research. :)  Thanku
Popular January Events for parties & celebrations!

New Years • First Foot Day • Australia Day
Plough Sunday • Coming of Age Day • A Burns Supper
 • Martin Luther King Jr. Day • World Religion Day
Thomas Crapper Day •