Passover: Article Resources
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Passover: Resources & Outside Links
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This featured article is about Passover,  a Religious holiday (Christian Holiday) and one of the three Pilgrim Festivals. It is in honor of Jewish Holidays and is related to Shavuot ("Festival of Weeks") which follows 49 days from the second night of Passover.
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  • Official name Hebrew: פסח (Pesach)
  • Observed by: Jews. Also observed by Samaritans, some Christians including Malayali Nasrani Christians, Knanaya and followers of Messianic Judaism.
  • Type:One of the Three Pilgrim Festivals
  • Significance: Celebrates the Exodus, the freedom from slavery of the Children of Israel from ancient Egypt that followed the Ten Plagues.
  • Beginning of the 49 days of Counting of the Omer
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List of resources, references, outside links and further reading:

  • Exodus 12:12
  • Lev 23:6, Numbers 28:17, Numbers 33:3
  • David M. Gitlitz & Linda Kay Davidson Pilgrimage and the Jews (Westport: CT: Praeger, 2006), 24-35.
  • K'fir, Amnon (2007-05-02). "The Samaritans' Passover sacrifice". ynet news. 
  • "Ancient Samaritan sect marks Passover sacrifice near Nablus". Haaretz. 2007-01-05.
  • The barley had to be "eared` out" (ripe) in order to have a wave-sheaf offering of the first fruits according to the Law. Jones, Stephen (1996). Secrets of Time. This also presupposes that the cycle is based on the northern hemisphere seasons.
  • "..., when the fruit had not grown properly, when the winter rains had not stopped, when the roads for Passover pilgrims had not dried up, and when the young pigeons had not become fledged. The council on intercalation considered the astronomical facts together with the religious requirements of Passover and the natural conditions of the country." - Spier, Arthur (1952). The Comprehensive Hebrew Calendar. New York: Behrman House, Inc., p. 1
  • "In the fourth century, ... the patriarch Hillel II ... made public the system of calendar calculation which up to then had been a closely guarded secret. It had been used in the past only to check the observations and testimonies of witnesses, and to determine the beginning of the spring season." - Spier 1952, p. 2
  • De Lange, Nicholas (2000). An Introduction to Judaism. New York, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press. p. 97
  • Exodus 12:8
  • Exodus 12:9
  • Exodus 12:10
  • Deuteronomy 16:2,Deuteronomy 16:5
  • James B. Prichard, ed., The Ancient Near East-An Anthology of Texts and Pictures, Volume 1, Princeton University Press, 1958, p. 278.
  • "On the feast called Passover...they sacrifice from the ninth to the eleventh hour", Josephus, Jewish War 6.423-428, in Josephus III, The Jewish War, Book IV-VII, Loeb Classical Library, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1979. Philo in one place (Special Laws 2.148) states that the victims are sacrificed "from noon till eventide", and in another place (Questions on Exodus 1.11) that the sacrifices begin at the ninth hour. According to Jubilees 49.12, "it is not fitting to sacrifice [the Passover] during any time of light except during the time of the border of evening."
  • Jubilees 49.1.
  • "And what is left of its flesh from the third of the night and beyond, they shall burn with fire," Jubilees 49.12. "We celebrate [the Passover] by fraternities, nothing of the sacrificial victims being kept for the morrow," Josephus, Antiquities 3.248.
  • "The guests assembled for the banquet have been cleansed by purificatory lustrations, and are there...to fulfill with prayers and hymns the custom handed down by their fathers." Philo, Special Laws 2.148, in Philo VII: On the Decalog; On the Special Laws I-III, Loeb Classical Library, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1937.
  • Eliyahu Kitov, The Book of Our Heritage: The Jewish Year and Its Days of Significance, Feldheim, 1997, p. 562.
  • Eliyahu Kitov, The Book of Our Heritage: The Jewish Year and Its Days of Significance, Feldheim, 1997, p. 562.
  • Ultra Orthodox burn leavened food before Passover
  • Bokser Baruch M (1992) “Unleavened Bread and Passover, Feasts of” in The Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. David Noel Freedman (New York: Doubleday), 6:755-765
  • Greenberg, M (1974) "Lessons on Exodus". New York
  • Sarna N (1986) "Exploring Exodus". New York
  • Pesach questions and answers by the Torah Learning Center.
  • Lagnado, Lucette (18 April 2011). "As Passover Nears, These Rabbis Are Getting Out Their Blowtorches". The Wall Street Journal (New York). pp. A1.
  • Exodus 12:18
  • "Thought For Food: An Overview of the Seder". AskMoses.com – Judaism, Ask a Rabbi – Live.
  • What is the kabbalistic view on chametz? by Rabbi Yossi Marcus
  • These Matzos are often begun to be produced in early November
  • "Making matzo: A time-honored tradition".
  • Making Matzah the Old-Fashioned Way
  • Shir Ha Ma'a lot.
  • "Roast in the Wonder Pot", The Kosher For Pesach Cookbook (1978). Jerusalem:Yeshivat Aish HaTorah Women's Organization, p. 58.
  • Neiman, Rachel (2008-06-15). "Nostalgia Sunday". 21c Israelity blog. 
  • Karaite Jews begin the count on the Sunday within the holiday week. This leads to Shavuot for the Karaites always falling on a Sunday.
  • Josephus, Antiquities 3.250-251, in Josephus IV Jewish Antiquities Books I-IV, Loeb Classical Library, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1930, pp. 437-439.
  • The eighth day is known as Acharon shel Pesach, "last [day] of Passover".
  • "Pesach Sheini".
  • The Canadian Jewish Chronicle, March 31, 1939
  • Gwyneth Windsor, John Hughes (Nov 21, 1990). Worship and Festivals. Heinemann. Retrieved 2009-04-11. "On the Thursday, which is known as Maundy Thursday, Christians remember the Last Supper which Jesus had with his disciples. It was the Jewish Feast of the Passover, and the meal which they had together was the traditional Seder meal, eaten that evening by the Jews everywhere."
  • Bukhari. Sahih Bukhari.
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External Links:

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Continue Reading about Passover:

  • Passover (Christian Holiday)
  • Etymology
  • Passover offering, korban Pesach
  • Search for, and burning of leaven
  • Matzah
  • Passover seder
  • Participation of children
  • Hol Hamoed
  • Counting of the Omer
  • Seventh day of Passover
  • Second Passover
  • Passover Traditional Foods
  • Sermons, liturgy, and song
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You may also want to Research:

  •   Jewish Calendar
  •   Fast of the Firstborn
  •   Gebrochts
  •   Haggadah of Pesach
  •   Jewish greetings
  •   Kitniyot
  •   Passover (Christian holiday)
  •   Passover Seder
  •   Passover Seder Plate
  •   Quartodecimanism
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