Passover
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Passover
facts gathered by: Pam - gone-ta-pott.com
see resources, outside links & further reading / wikipedia / thefreedictionary
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This featured article is about Passover,  a Religious holiday (Christian Holiday) and one of the three Pilgrim Festivals. It is in honor of Jewish Holidays and is related to Shavuot ("Festival of Weeks") which follows 49 days from the second night of Passover.
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  • Official name Hebrew: פסח (Pesach)
  • Observed by: Jews. Also observed by Samaritans, some Christians including Malayali Nasrani Christians, Knanaya and followers of Messianic Judaism.
  • Type:One of the Three Pilgrim Festivals
  • Significance: Celebrates the Exodus, the freedom from slavery of the Children of Israel from ancient Egypt that followed the Ten Plagues.
  • Beginning of the 49 days of Counting of the Omer

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Celebrations: In Jewish practice, one or two festive Seder meals – first two nights; in the times of the Temple in Jerusalem, the Passover sacrifice. In Samaritan practice, men gather for a religious ceremony on mount Gerizim that includes the ancient cow Sacrifice.il (7th day)

Begins:15th day of Nisan

Ends: 21st day of Nisan in Israel, and among some liberal Diaspora Jews; 22nd day of Nisan outside of Israel among more traditional Diaspora Jews.
  • 2013 date: sunset of Monday 25 March to nightfall of Monday 1 April / Tuesday 2 April (7th day)
  • 2014 date: sunset of Monday 14 April to nightfall of Monday 21 April / Tuesday 22 April (7th day)
  • 2015 date: sunset of Friday 3 April to nightfall of Friday 10 April / Saturday 11 April (7th day)

Related to:Shavuot ("Festival of Weeks") which follows 49 days from the second night of Passover.
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About Passover

Passover, or Pesach (from: פֶּסַח in Hebrew, Yiddish), Tiberian: [pɛsaħ] ( listen), Modern Hebrew: /ˈpesaχ/ Pesah, Pesakh, Yiddish: Peysekh, Paysakh, Paysokh) is an important Biblically-derived Jewish festival. The Jewish people celebrate Passover as a commemoration of their liberation over 3,300 years ago by God from slavery in ancient Egypt that was ruled by the Pharaohs, and their birth as a nation under the leadership of Moses. It commemorates the story of the Exodus as described in the Hebrew Bible especially in the Book of Exodus, in which the Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt.

Passover commences on the 15th of the Hebrew month of Nisan and lasts for either seven days (in Israel) or eight days (in the diaspora). In Judaism, a day commences at dusk and lasts until the following dusk, thus the first day of Passover only begins after dusk of the 14th of Nisan and ends at dusk of the 15th day of the month of Nisan. The rituals unique to the Passover celebrations commence with the Passover Seder when the 15th of Nisan has begun. In the Northern Hemisphere Passover takes place in spring as the Torah prescribes it: "in the month of [the] spring" (בחדש האביב Exodus 23:15). It is one of the most widely observed Jewish holidays.

In the narrative of the Exodus, the Bible tells that God helped the Children of Israel escape from their slavery in Egypt by inflicting ten plagues upon the ancient Egyptians before the Pharaoh would release his Israelite slaves; the tenth and worst of the plagues was the death of the Egyptian first-born.

The Israelites were instructed to mark the doorposts of their homes with the blood of a slaughtered spring lamb and, upon seeing this, the spirit of the Lord knew to pass over the first-born in these homes, hence the name of the holiday. There is some debate over where the term is actually derived from.[5] When the Pharaoh freed the Israelites, it is said that they left in such a hurry that they could not wait for bread dough to rise (leaven). In commemoration, for the duration of Passover no leavened bread is eaten, for which reason it is called "The Festival of the Unleavened Bread". Thus Matzo (flat unleavened bread) is eaten during Passover and it is a symbol of the holiday.

Historically, together with Shavuot ("Pentecost") and Sukkot ("Tabernacles"), Passover is one of the three pilgrimage festivals (Shalosh Regalim) during which the entire population of the kingdom of Judah made a pilgrimage to the Temple in Jerusalem. Samaritans still make this pilgrimage to Mount Gerizim, but only men participate in public worship.

Continue Reading these related articles:

  • Etymology
  • Passover offering, korban Pesach
  • Search for, and burning of leaven
  • Matzah
  • Passover seder
  • Participation of children
  • Hol Hamoed
  • Counting of the Omer
  • Seventh day of Passover
  • Second Passover
  • Passover Traditional Foods
  • Sermons, liturgy, and song
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You may also want to Research:

  •   Fast of the Firstborn
  •   Gebrochts
  •   Haggadah of Pesach
  •   Jewish greetings
  •   Kitniyot
  •   Passover (Christian holiday)
  •   Passover Seder
  •   Passover Seder Plate
  •   Quartodecimanism
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