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  What is Fruitarianism?
Fruitarians (or fructarians) eat in principle only the fruit of plants.

Some people whose diets are not 100% fruit will consider themselves fruitarians if
their diet is 75% or more fruit.

Fruitarian definition of fruit
"When discussing food, the term "fruit" usually refers to just those plant fruits that are sweet and fleshy (for example, plums, apples, and oranges). Botanically, though, some foods not typically considered fruits—including bell peppers, tomatoes, cucumbers, nuts and grains—are fruits."

Fruitarians use differing definitions of what is considered a "fruit."

Definition of fruitarian
"Some fruitarians will eat only what falls (or would fall) naturally from a plant, that is: foods that can be harvested without killing the plant. These foods consist primarily of culinary fruits, nuts, and seeds. Some do not eat grains, believing it is unnatural to do so, and some fruitarians feel that it is improper for humans to eat seeds. Others believe they should eat only plants that spread seeds when the plant is eaten. Others eat seeds and some cooked foods."

"Some fruitarians use the botanical definitions of fruits and consume pulses (legume), such as many beans and peas, while others include green leafy vegetables and/or root vegetables in their diet." 
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Motivation
"Some fruitarians believe fruitarianism was the original diet of mankind in the form of Adam and Eve based on Genesis 1:29. They believe that a return to an Eden-like paradise will require simple living and a holistic approach to health and diet. Some fruitarians wish to avoid killing in all its forms, including plants."

"Some fruitarians say that eating some types of fruit does the parent plant a favor and that fleshy fruit has evolved to be eaten by animals, to achieve seed dispersal."
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Criticisms
"The Health Promotion Program at Columbia University reports that a fruitarian diet can cause deficiencies in calcium, protein, iron, zinc, vitamin D, most B vitamins (especially B-12), and essential fatty acids. Additionally, the Health Promotion Program at Columbia reports that food restrictions in general may lead to hunger, cravings, food obsessions, social disruptions and social isolation."

"As an extreme vegetarian diet, fruitarianism is highly restrictive, making nutritional adequacy almost impossible. In children, growth and development are at risk. Nutritional problems include severe protein energy malnutrition, anaemia and a wide range of vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Several children have died as the result of being fed fruitarian diets."

"Lack of protein in fleshy fruit can make the lifestyle difficult to sustain, and can lead to the condition of hypoproteinemia or kwashiorkor. Nuts (if included) are a good source of protein. Due to the lower digestibility of plant proteins, however, the American Dietetic Association (ADA) states "protein needs might be higher than the RDA (when) dietary protein sources are mainly those that are less well digested, such as some cereals and legumes.""

"Vitamin B12, a bacterial product, is not found in any fruits. According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health "natural food sources of vitamin B12 are limited to foods that come from animals." Like vegans who do not consume B12-fortified foods (certain plant milks and breakfast cereals, for example), fruitarians need to include a B12 supplement in their diet. This may pose a health risk for strict fruitarians, as the B12 in fortified foods and supplements is derived from bacteria, not fruits. It is also contrary to the philosophy that humans are perfectly evolved to live off fruit."

"Some notable advocates of fruitarianism in the past, including Morris Krok, Johnny Lovewisdom, Walter Siegmeister/Raymond Bernard, and Viktoras Kulvinskas did not adhere to a strict fruitarian diet. Some, like Johnny Lovewisdom, switched to other unorthodox lifestyles (including breatharianism and liquitarianism, juices only), while others, like Morris Krok, recommended against the diet once they stopped."
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Famous fruitarians
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See also
Christian vegetarianism / Inedia / Juice fasting / Naturalistic fallacy / Raw foodism /
Raw veganism / Veganism

Related Categories to research:
Vegetarianism | Veganism | Fruit |

Research also:
Gardening /Flowers for eating and herbals for healing /Flower of the Month E-Greetings  /  The latest Gardening News /Edible Flowers in the Garden  /  Common Edible Flowers

External Links:


Resources:
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses some material from Wikipedia/article fruitarianism/and other related pages.
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